All parties in a clinical encounter bear culture in some way; consumers, practitioners, and healthcare settings themselves. Clinical interviews lay the basis for understanding and promoting a person’s recovery.
Idioms of distress and diagnostic categories are by no means universal. Hence engaging in a culturally-informed assessment anchors all participants in the specific context of the encounter, and the factors that shape a person’s particular experience of seeking help.
The Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) was chosen as the basis for this resource as it is one of the most comprehensive, standardised methods for conducting general mental health interviews currently available. Only some of the CFI questions are referenced here. Practitioners are encouraged to use these questions as a guide; to prompt them to ask other questions and deepen their reflections about culture. The CFI can also help identify issues of consumer dissatisfaction, disengagement and misdiagnosis.